Dark Gums hyperpigmentation is often caused by inflammation of the gums. When gums are inflamed, they can release two types of substances: pigments and inflammatory molecules. Pigments are made up of keratin, while inflammatory molecules are made in response to bacterial or fungal infections, trauma, or other causes.
What Causes Gum Hyperpigmentation?
There are a few different causes of dark gums, but the most common is hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is when your skin becomes darker than its normal color due to an increase in melanin production. There are a few different reasons why this might happen:
–Sun exposure: Sun can cause hyperpigmentation by damaging the skin and increasing melanin production.
-Treatment of existing sun damage: If you’ve had sun exposure in the past, your skin might be more prone to hyperpigmentation because of the previous damage.
-Leukemia: Hyperpigmentation can also be a side effect of leukemia, an illness that affects blood cells.
Signs and Symptoms of Gum Hyperpigmentation
If you are noticing dark patches on your gums, it is likely that you have gum hyperpigmentation. This condition is caused by a number of factors, including sun exposure, poor oral hygiene, and genetics. Here are some signs and symptoms to watch for:
– Dark patches on the gums
– Redness or inflammation around the dark patches
– Unpleasant odor
What are the Different Types of Gum Hyperpigmentation?
There are a few different types of gum hyperpigmentation. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including environmental exposures, genetics, and medical conditions.
1. Environmental Exposures:
Environmental exposures can cause hyperpigmentation in the gums due to the way they react to the skin. These exposures can include sun exposure, tobacco smoke, and pollution.
Sun Exposure: Sun exposure can cause brown spots on the gums as well as other areas of the skin. Brown patches on the gums are usually a result of direct sunlight exposure, while darker patches are generally associated with chronic sun exposure.
Tobacco Smoke: Tobacco smoke contains chemicals that can damage the skin and lead to hyperpigmentation. These chemicals include nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide. They can also break down melanin in the skin, leading to dark patches on the skin such as those seen on the gums.
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Pollution: Pollution from cars, factories, or other sources can lead to darkened patches on the skin due to increased exposure to UV radiation. Hyperpigmentation around the mouth is especially common in people who live near major roadways or industrial complexes.
How to Treat Dark Gums?
If your dark gums are giving you problems, there are a few things you can do to treat them. First, make sure that the cause is not serious. If your gums are just darker than usual, you may be able to lighten them up with over-the-counter products such as tooth bleaching strips or whitening toothpaste. If the problem is more severe, you will likely need to see a dentist to remove any excess plaque and black pigment from your teeth.
Some people also use topical treatments such as hydroquinone or tretinoin cream to lighten dark gums. These treatments work by limiting the production of skin melanin, so they can be effective at lightening dark gum pigmentation but can also have some side effects, such as skin irritation or even thinning of the skin. Always talk to your doctor before using any type of topical treatment for dark gums.