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Phulkari embroidery is a centuries-old craft that has seen many changes over the years. Today, phulkari embroidery is most commonly known for its colorful and intricate designs. But what is phulkari embroidery really all about? In this blog post, we will explore the history of phulkari embroidery and its different types. We’ll discuss the different techniques used and the diverse styles that have emerged over the years.

What is Phulkari Embroidery?

Phulkari dupatta with mirror work is a traditional Indian form of needlepoint and is known for its intricate floral and geometric designs. It’s often called the ” queen of crafts,” and there are many different types of phulkari embroidery, including zardozi, piñata, Kantha, shaheda, and safed-Kantha.

The history of phulkari embroidery is traced back to the 8th century A.D. when Bengali women began stitching simple geometric designs on cloth using fine thread to decorate their clothing. The technique quickly spread to other parts of India and evolved over time into the intricate floral and geometric designs seen today.

Phulkari embroidery is usually done on cotton or silk fabric using a range of stitches including satin stitch, stem stitch, back stitch, hemstitch, cross stitch, and French knotting. Some patterns can take weeks or even months to complete, and skilled embroiderers often use hundreds of different stitches to create stunning images.

Phulkari embroidery is now popular all over the world, with fans in countries like China, Turkey, Pakistan, Japan, Australia, and America. Thanks to online galleries organized by fans worldwide, anyone with a bit of creativity can learn how to do phulkari embroidery themselves.

History of phulkari embroidery

The history of phulkari embroidery is a long and intricate one that dates back to ancient times. The art form has its roots in India, but it has since been adopted by many other cultures around the world.

Phulkari embroidery is a type of fabric art that typically uses colorful thread to create intricate designs on cloth. The earliest examples of this craft date back to the Gupta period in India (fourth through sixth centuries AD). During this time, phulkari was popular among royal courts and was used to decorate religious garments and other important objects.

Over the years, phulkari embroidery has evolved into a versatile art form that can be used to create anything from simple pillowcases to elaborate dresses. There are several different types of phulkari embroidery, including zardozi (a type of floral design), rangoli (a type of geometric design), and chikan (a type of bird and insect design).

Types of phulkari embroidery

There are various types of phulkari embroidery, each with its own unique history and style. Here are some of the most common types:

1. Net Embroidery: Net embroidery is a type of phulkari embroidery in which the threads are worked through small holes in a netting or fabric surface. The holes can be made by hand or by using a machine, and they can be arranged in any pattern or design you wish. This type of embroidery is often used to create patterns on kurtas, sarees, pajamas, and other clothing items.

2. Peacock Embroidery: Peacock embroidery is another type of phulkari embroidery that uses colorful threads to create intricate designs on cloth surfaces. The designs can be simple or quite complex, and they can be used to embellish clothes or furniture items. This type of embroidery is often done on traditional Punjabi clothing such as salwar kameez and tunics.

3. Floral Embroidery: Floral embroidery is another popular type of phulkari embroidery that uses delicate stitches to create beautiful flower patterns on cloth surfaces. This technique is often used to decorate kurtas, salwar suits, dupattas, and other traditional Indian clothing items.

4. Paisley Embroidery: Paisley embroidery


Phulkari embroidery is one of the oldest and most popular forms of handicrafts in India. Phulkari embroidery has a rich history, with different types of stitches and patterns used over the years to create intricate designs. Today, phulkari embroidery remains an important part of shop east India decor, is enjoyed by both Indians and foreigners alike, and continues to be a major source of income for many artisans across the country. I hope this article has given you a better understanding of this fascinating art form and gave you some ideas on how to start designing your own phulkari pieces.

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