Hilly and kind of square, San Francisco is placed at the northern tip of a peninsula. To its south are the bedroom suburbs of San Mateo County, to the east and northeast is the Gulf, and to the west and northwest is the Pacific Ocean.

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The most outstanding of the San Francisco hills are Twin Peaks, Mount Davidson, and Mount Sutro, all of which exceed 900 toes (270 m) in height. The maximum well-known is Nob Hill, wherein rich “noobs” (nabobs) built extravagant mansions within the 1870s, and Telegraph Hill, once seen on the Barbary Coast, the first neighborhood alive with filthy wickedness. As a result of pioneering planners’ bias in favor of a squared-off grid, downtown streets veer steeply downhill, intimidating newly arrived drivers, making cable vehicles extra of a sentimental anachronism, and offering remarkable perspectives of the bay.

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The San Francisco Bay is a submerged river valley, submerged during the melting of the final glacial ice sheet. The enthusiastic and profitable fill of the tidal has reduced its vicinity from about seven hundred square miles (1,800 sq.Km) in 1880 to simply 435 square miles (1, hundred twenty-five sq.Km) at common excessive tide. More than 1/2 of the creek continues to be fillable, but in 1965 the country legislature created the Gulf Conservation and Development Commission to modify further landfill projects. At its widest extent the gulf is thirteen miles (21 km) throughout; Its private point, 357 feet (109 m), is on the Golden Gate, a narrow channel between the peninsula and Marin County to the north that connects the Gulf to the Pacific. The most daily float of water in the Pacific through the Golden Gate is seven instances of the flow at the mouth of the Mississippi River.

The part of the San Francisco Bay inside the town limits is the herbal islands of Alcatraz and Yerba Buena, and the person-made Treasure Island, built for the 1939 World’s Fair and later transformed into a naval base (1941–93). Given. Alcatraz (Spanish: “Pelican”) became the most notorious maximum-safety, “get away-proof” prison in the United States from 1934 to 1963. In 1969, after the decaying cell blocks were abandoned using the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a multi-tribal group of Native Americans invaded the island and claimed their rights to deserted federal assets, but have been forcibly evicted in 1971. . The island has become part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in 1972 and has emerged as a famous traveler enchantment.


Winter in San Francisco is wet and slight, spring sunny and temperate, summer time foggy and cool, and autumn sunny and warm. The common minimal temperature is fifty-one °F (11 °C), and the average maximum is 63 °F (17 °C). The average rainfall, which occurs almost all of November and April, is about 21 inches (533 mm). The sun shines for the duration of two-thirds of the possible hours of the day. However, the one-of-a-kind feature of the season is summertime fog, which remains low over the metropolis till midday, causing panic among trembling travelers. This fog is a phenomenon of reversal of temperature, that’s formed when warm, wet sea air comes into touch with bloodless water rising above sea stage alongside the coast.

Metropolis ​​layout

The central commercial enterprise district, monetary district, North Beach, and Chinatown occupy the website of the gold rush metropolis, which changed into later increased using revolutionary filling alongside the waterfront. The stays of numerous ships deserted in 1849 are now several blocks inland beneath workplace homes. To the west, near the Golden Gate Bridge, is the Presidio, a -century-antique military installation that became a part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in 1994; It is top notch for its park-like garden and wind-sculpted stands of bushes. To the south of the Presidio is Golden Gate Park, reclaimed from the as soon as sandy wilderness. The rest of San Francisco is essentially residential neighborhoods, from Pacific Heights, which homes older, rich households, to Hunters Point, that’s a predominantly African American community. Most are packed with houses decorated with pastel plaster and plants of “Painted Ladies” – body structures with considerable and regularly fashionable architectural info, intricately colored.

An amazing change is described because the Manhattanization of San Francisco became obvious after the past due Nineteen Sixties, and has been both welcomed and hostile. In the Financial District, particularly, tall homes had been built in one town after any other, wherein, for generations, a few structures surpassed 20 stories. Modern skyscrapers are 555 California Street (formerly called the Bank of America constructing), the Transamerica Pyramid (which rises to an elongated point), and the Le Meridien San Francisco Hotel (formerly the Park Hyatt).