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Russian President Vladimir V. Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan met Friday in Russia’s southern Black Sea resort town of Sochi, in less than three weeks in a complex A second face-to-face dialogue took place in the context of the situation. Competing and competing interests.

Aides to the leaders described the Sochi talks as a continuation of their July 19 discussions in Iran – which included Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei – involving drones, Issues such as food transport, energy and Syria.

Mr Erdogan has become an important mediator between Ukraine and Russia, which is exploring ways to break the economic and political isolation created by the West’s invasion of Ukraine. Turkey, a NATO member and a long-frustrated EU applicant, proved to be instrumental in a deal between the two warring nations to urgently restart Ukraine’s grain shipments through the Black Sea.

Before the leaders’ discussion began, Mr. Putin gave a brief remarks to the camera, in which he thanked Mr. Erdogan for his role in mediating a deal to export Ukrainian grain, which also allowed Russia to export food and fertilizers. The meeting attached great importance to economic issues, and Putin expressed hope that the talks would strengthen trade and economic ties.

On Syria, Putin said the two would discuss “security issues in the region, mainly the Syrian crisis,” choosing to emphasize efforts to normalize the situation there rather than focusing on their sharp differences. Turkey has long threatened to invade Kurdish groups along the border, but hopes to do so without risking an armed conflict with Russia that damaged ties in 2015 after the Turks shot down a Russian fighter jet.

Addressing many of the same topics, Mr Erdogan said measures taken on issues such as energy, food, the Black Sea and transport were examples of Turkey and Russia playing an important role in the region.

Mr Erdogan is carefully preserving the ability to talk to NATO foe Russia and Western members of the alliance. Turkey has been refusing to join Western sanctions against Russia, angering its NATO allies, but Mr Erdogan has also taken a key move to soften his initial opposition to Sweden and Finland joining the alliance as bulwarks against Russian aggression.

Russia is an important energy supplier to Turkey, providing a quarter of the country’s crude oil imports and nearly half of its natural gas purchases last year. Russia’s state nuclear company Rosatom is building a nuclear power plant in the Mediterranean that is expected to meet 10 percent of Turkey’s energy needs when completed in 2026.

Turkey is becoming an important transshipment point for goods destined for Russia, as many Western freight companies no longer handle shipments to Russia, Turkish newspaper Dunya reported on Thursday. The country remains a popular destination for Russian tourists.

However, stark differences remain between the two leaders. Their country has backed opposing sides in the civil war in Turkey’s neighbor Syria. The Kremlin has given blood and treasure to support President Bashar al-Assad, while Turkey, which has absorbed more than 3.7 million Syrian war refugees, has backed opposition rebels and threatened a new military offensive in northern Syria. They are also on opposite sides of the bitter border dispute between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Their relationship with weapons is also complicated. In recent years, Turkey has disregarded the purchase of Russian anti-aircraft missiles by NATO partners. And now, with war-related Western sanctions on technologies such as missile and drone guidance systems, Russia is urgently seeking supplies.

“Military-technical cooperation between the two countries has always been on the agenda, and the fact that our interactions in this sensitive area are developing shows that, in general, our entire spectrum of mutual relations is at a very high level,” Deutscher said. Mitri, Russian Presidential Press Secretary S. Peskov told reporters on Wednesday, Interfax news agency reported.

Safek Timur Contribution report.

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