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CANBERRA, Australia — After years of being denounced as a climate change laggard, Australia reversed course on Thursday, with the lower house of parliament passing a bill pledging the government to cut carbon emissions by at least 43 percent from 2005 levels by 2030, Net zero by 2050.

With key support from the Australian Greens, the new Labor government is expected to push the legislation through the Senate within weeks.

Prime Minister Anthony Albanese said it would put the country “on the right side of history.” The 43 per cent pledge brings Australia closer to Canada, South Korea and Japan, but still falls short of the US, EU and UK promise.

“The impact of climate change is real. We need a real response,” Mr Albanese told reporters on Thursday. “The government is providing this.”

In Parliament, Climate Minister Chris Bowen said simply: “This is a good day for our country.”

But the promise – one Mr Albanese campaigned for when Labour challenged the long-ruling Conservative coalition at the federal election in May – is widely seen as long overdue, and just the world The beginning of an important economic transformation in the third largest country. – The largest exporter of fossil fuels, after Saudi Arabia and Russia.

Amanda McKenzie, head of the Climate Council, an association of scientists and community leaders that has called for Australia to do more on climate change for years, called the climate change bill a “springboard” , requiring the government to create a renewable energy investment framework.

Rich Merzian, director of climate and energy programs at the Australian Institute, a nonpartisan think tank, described the bill as “a giant leap forward”, while noting there was still a long way to go.

The government has rejected Australia’s proposal to reject any new coal and gas projects – a major point of contention among a series of independent MPs who have won seats in most conservative regions pledging to aggressively tackle climate change.

Mr Albanese and his Labour government have also rejected a separate Green amendment to cut emissions by 75 per cent by 2030.

According to a report released on Thursday, Green Party leader Adam Bant has repeatedly said the government’s lower targets will lead to crop destruction, devastating natural disasters and the demise of the Great Barrier Reef, which under current warming trends will Continued struggle by Australian marine scientists.

They found that some coral reefs have begun to recover from a series of devastating bleaching events in recent years, but predict the world-famous ecosystem will face frequent and longer-lasting heat waves unless “immediate global action on climate change is taken.”

“That’s science,” Mr. Bant said. “We’re not doing it to stop pollution a little bit. We’re doing it to stop climate change from becoming a runaway chain reaction.”

He described his support for the climate bill as the first step in a push for more action in Australia, with many climate experts arguing that the country can only meet its international commitments by halting the approval of new coal and gas projects and eventually closing those that already exist .

Robyn Eckersley, an expert on climate change politics, said: “They need to address the Albanese false narrative that our coal and gas are somehow greener than others, and their drug dealers’ argument that, If we don’t sell, others will.” at the University of Melbourne. “It’s harmful and a direct avoidance of Australia’s responsibility.”

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